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in BullyGeister 08.01.2019 04:24
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The low cost of Internet-based e Commerce increases the scope of B2B exchanges to touch all firms irrespective of size Jamal Adams Jersey , nature of business and relationship orientation. Therefore, since B2B exchanges redefine how firms interact with each other, it is important to understand how firms can benefit from B2B e Commerce through their participation in these exchanges.

The academic and business literature has primarily focused on the efficiency-based cost savings associated with e Commerce site of online fee gateway, mainly resulting from lower transaction costs, higher speed and less ‘friction’. While participation in multilateral markets meant loss of electronic integration, the power of B2B exchanges enables markets to achieve comparable levels of technical and business integration as traditional dyadic relationships. Therefore, both buyers and suppliers benefit from these efficiencies. Nevertheless, perhaps the greatest value derived from B2B e Commerce can be absorbed by buyers through effective e Procurement resulting from better and more informed decisions in selecting suppliers and products, superior planning and forecasting, and obtaining more competitive pricing, better delivery terms, and higher product quality .

While efficiency considerations may not greatly depend on exchange type, effective e Procurement mainly results from the selection of an appropriate B2B exchange that dictates the supplier consideration set, the amount and quality of industry and product information, and accompanying services. Therefore, exchange type selection should have a significant impact on e Procurement effectiveness, which is usually determined and measured in terms of supplier performance-competitive price, timeliness of delivery, supplier flexibility, and product quality.

The information systems, marketing and organizational economics literatures on interfirm relations provide many moderating factors that may affect the selection of appropriate B2B exchanges. These factors can be broadly classified into three main categories–product, organizational, and market characteristics. Product characteristics include asset specificity and product complexity, among others. Company characteristics include procurement importance and novelty, switching costs, and purchase formalization and centralization. Market situational characteristics include a firm’s bargaining power, market liquidity, product availability, relationship reciprocity, uncertainty, and bargaining power. Finally, the importance and novelty of the purchase to the firm also affects the procurement process fee payment solution. These moderating factors should be taken into account in the selection of appropriate types of B2B exchanges following the proposed classification.

The existing literature covers a broad spectrum of relationships from basic buying and selling in addition to exchanges governed by power asymmetry. Drawing from the literature on inter organizational relations, we attempt to develop an all inclusive typology for alternative types of B2B exchanges. This classification scheme is proposed to link existing theories into the new Web-based B2B cyberspace and pave the road towards successful e Commerce strategies. Some illustrative real-world examples are also given to better explain each proposed type. Moreover, we discuss several moderating factors such as product, company, and market characteristics that influence the choice of B2B exchange type. In sum, this chapter attempts to answer the following questions:

(1) How can B2B exchanges be classified?

(2) How do product, company and market characteristics affect the selection of the type of B2B exchanges?

WASHINGTON, July 5 (Xinhua) -- U.S. broadcaster CNN has come under criticism after it revealed on Tuesday its investigation into the identity of a Reddit user who allegedly created an anti-CNN GIF retweeted by President Donald Trump.

The GIF, posted on Reddit by a user late June, displays Trump body-slamming an embodiment of CNN, after it was doctored crudely from a 2007-recorded video clip of Trump attending a wrestling match. Some said it was a call for violence against the press.

The GIF went viral on social media when Trump tweeted it while labeling CNN as a fraud news outlet on Sunday. It has since then stirred condemnation and criticism across the political spectrum in the past days.

Meanwhile, the Redditor was found that he had posted a series of racist and anti-Semitic posts on the social media platform but later he deleted his prior posts and apologized to other Reddit users for "getting this site and this sub embroiled in a controversy that should never have happened."

"The meme was created purely as satire, it was not meant to be a call to violence against CNN or any other news affiliation," he added.

On Tuesday, CNN reporter Andrew Kaczynskic man had made available on Reddit.

The Reddit user had an interview with CNN on Tuesday after failing to respond to CNN's email and phone call on Monday, wrote Kaczynski. He revealed that the middle-aged man sounded worried about safety and public embarrassment if his identity were to be made public.

CNN's investigative team said it decided not to reveal the man's identity "because he is a private citizen who has issued an extensive statement of apology, showed his remorse by saying he has taken down all his offending posts, and because he said he is not going to repeat this ugly behavior on social media again."

However, the article added "CNN reserves the right to publish his identity should any of that change."

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